Eco-housing acts with respect for the environment. They have been established according to a concept that limits the greenhouse effect and reduces carbon dioxide emissions. Ecological houses also have a performance aimed at reducing energy consumption. Concerning the thermal insulation technology of an eco-housing, in particular, there are several variations.
Artificial Vitreous Fibres
Artificial Vitreous Fibres (AVF) is made of mineral origin. They are used for the insulation of an ecological house. These fibres must be combined with other materials to optimize the sound and acoustic insulation of a home. Among the most famous FVAs are wools. These have good thermal insulation. In addition, they help to fight asbestos, which is responsible for several diseases, including lung cancer. Glass wool has the advantage of being lighter. However, it is no more effective than rock wool in retaining heat when temperatures tend to drop in winter. Moreover, rock wool is renowned for its high fire resistance.
Straw is also an effective solution that helps reduce energy losses. It is equipped with a better quality of insulation. The straw can be inserted directly into the walls of a house. Lavender straw, in particular, is used to insulate attics or to fill wooden frames. When combined with air lime, straw concrete provides better thermal and mechanical performance. It is effective in terms of thermoregulating the walls of new or old buildings. Lavender straw, due to its natural properties, is also an excellent insecticide. It is often in plastic bags at the level of different suppliers.
Among the various materials used to save energy in an ecological home, linen can also be highlighted. This natural fibre has a better resistance. Moreover, it is very light. Linen felt is very economical. It is offered at a lower cost while its performance is at the same level as that of other materials. Linen is also known for its sound quality. Moreover, flax is ideal for fighting against mould. Also, noting is better performance in terms of thermal conductivity coefficient. Recyclable, linen is also an ecological material that promotes respect for the environment. This fibre is available in rolls, semi-rigid sheets, felt or strips.