Natural gas, even if used by many households, is not without risks. From its operation to its use, this product has certain disadvantages for the environment and for users. Noting that natural gas is composed of several elements, these can be harmful to human health.
The harms of natural gas exploration
During natural gas exploration, several elements are emitted into the atmosphere. Indeed, gas is composed of several elements, including methane. This one is a real responsible for the greenhouse effect. It is even more dangerous than carbon dioxide. In addition, natural gas exploration by hydraulic fracturing technique has much environmental harm. This invades, for example, water resources. Indeed, this exploitation requires a certain quantity of water, only a small volume of which will be recoverable. Thus, natural gas exploration must be subject to regular monitoring in order to limit environmental impacts.
Disadvantages during transport and storage
Natural gas extraction also involves the mobilization of complex foundations. When transporting gas in pipelines, there may be internal or external corrosion. There may be a release of gas under pressure. This is a real danger. Before its distribution to final consumers, gas requires special storage. Storage sites may be located near deposits or consumption sites. If the gas is stored in underground areas, there is a risk of ignition of the gas jet. In the case of above-ground storage, there is mainly the risk of liquefied gas leakage, which is more dangerous. At the distribution level, the underground method often leads to serious accidents, most of which are fatal. In general, this leads to a breakthrough in the pipes and therefore to a natural gas leak.
Preventing the risk of accidents during the exploitation of natural gas
In terms of natural gas storage and exploration techniques, regular monitoring would reduce the risks caused by a natural gas leak. In some countries, the use of a channel by a ship is prohibited when an LNG carrier has committed to it in the opposite direction. This would help to limit the consequences of a possible explosion. A ship and an LNG carrier must not cross paths. In addition, the choice of coatings and the analysis of the effectiveness of the equipment must be made with greater care in order to avoid gas losses and emissions into the atmosphere.